As told we all gathered outside the Basilica of St. Anne, Mr. Hani gave briefed us on Via Dolorosa which is within the Old City of Jerusalem, the path that Jesus walked while carrying His cross. It begins near the Lions’ Gate in the Muslim Quarter and ends at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Christian Quarter with 14 Stations of the Cross which are marked in Roman numerals.
Station 1: Jesus is condemned to death
The First Station is located on the north-west corner of the temple mount. This site was the place of the seat of Pontius Pilate and the location of the Hall of Judgment. It now houses a Umariyya School.
Station 2: Jesus carries his cross.
There are two churches in the compound – the Flagellation and the Condemnation.
This is located next to the Franciscan Monastery of the Flagellation, across the road from the First Station.
Station 3: Jesus falls the first time
Station 4: Jesus meets his mother
The 4th station is located besides the 3rd station. Jesus met his mother Mary according to the tradition.
We walked a couple of meters further and turned right to reach the 5th Station.
Station 5: Simon of Cyrene helps Jesus to carry the cross
A small Franciscan church is located at this station, dedicated to Simon the Cyrenian, who assisted Jesus with the cross. The right side of the structure, has a cavity which is said to be the imprint of Jesus hand.
Station 6: Veronica wipes the face of Jesus
St. Veronica wiped Jesus’ face with her handkerchief, leaving an image of his face imprinted on the cloth. The relic, known as the Sudarium or Veronica, is kept at St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome.
Station 7: Jesus falls the second time
This is marked by a Franciscan chapel.
Station 8: Jesus speaks to the women of Jerusalem
Station 9 : Jesus falls a third time
The 9th station is adjacent to the Holy Sepulcher.
The last five Stations of the Cross are situated inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Station 10: Jesus is stripped of His garments
Station 11: Jesus is nailed to the cross
This station is located inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
Stations 12: Jesus dies on the cross
Jesus is crucified and dies on the cross, ending His agony. A silver disk with a central hole, underneath the altar, marks the spot where the Cross stood.
Station 13: Jesus is taken down from the cross
Station 14: Jesus is laid in the tomb
This is the final station of Via Dolorosa, located in round hall. The first chamber inside it is called the Chapel of the Angel. Behind the Chapel is another narrow door which leads to a smaller inner chamber – the tomb of Jesus.
Thus ends the journey of the “Via Dolorosa” or Stations of the cross in Jerusalem’s old city.